Optimizing Hospitalization of Newborns

Neonatal intensive care units (NICU) have greatly reduced newborn mortality and morbidity, but many aspects of care quality, outcomes, and efficiency remain poorly understood. Previous studies have found that differences in NICU length of stay are unexplained by health status, but instead reflect differing practice styles. Supported by a generous award from the Kettering Family Foundation, researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice will study variation in NICU length of stay. The research team hopes their findings will identify opportunities to optimize, and perhaps reduce, length of newborn hospital care.